LIVE LOAD FACTORS FOR CONTINUOUS GIRDER BRIDGES
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Live load factors of Strength I limit state for continuous girder highway bridges are calibrated based on reliability concept adopted by AASHTO LRFD and LRFR specifications. A uniform reliability is maintained for multi-girder highway bridges with various span lengths. WIM data, gathered by California, Michigan, New York, Oregon, and Illinois State Department of Transportation are analyzed. Live load effects produced by WIM data are calculated using influence lines. Expected maximum live load effects in given periods are modeled and extrapolated by Gumbel distribution. A relativecalibration formula is developed in order to derive live load correction factors for designing/evaluating continuous highway bridges at a reliability level that is in consistent with simply supported highway bridges. Computer programming is conducted for data sorting and traffic statistical analysis.