THERMAL ANALYSIS OF PM MACHINES FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE ELECTRIC VEHICLES
LA MARCA, FRANK
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As demand grows for electrification of the automotive industry, the need for a traction motor becomes imperative. There has been considerable effort by electric machine manufacturers to develop and build a traction motor that meets the speci- fications of the automobile industry. One of the limiting factors in the design of an electric automobile is the thermal performance of a traction motor. This thesis focuses on thermal analysis of an electric machine with a major focus on a machine that operates in an automotive environment. Thermal analysis of the electric machine will be focus on the analysis of an electric machine that is used in a FSAE electric racecar. Theory behind various thermal extraction methods are reviewed, including heat transfer and the fluid dynamics of an electric machine. Thermal modeling methods are also investigated, including analytical methods and numerical methods such as finite element analysis and computational fluid dynamics. The importance of thermal modeling of an electric machine is to understand the heat transfer occurring in the machine. In high performance electric machines the limiting factor of the machine the temperature rise when torque is applied. In- vestigation of the heat transfer of a machine can identify the hot spot of the machine and methods of reduction. This will allow for more current applied and more torque which will give a higher density machine.